■ درباره این کتاب:
This textbook deals with the most important items in Marine Geology, including some pioneer work. The list of topics has grown greatly in the last few decades beyond the items identified by Eugen Seibold as central and now includes prominently such things as methane and climate change; that is, the carbon cycle and the Earth system as a whole.
Relevant geophysical, geochemical, sedimentological and paleontological methods are shortly described. They should allow the reader to comment on new results about plate tectonics, marine sedimentation from the coasts to the deep sea, climatological aspects, paleoceanology and the use of the sea floor.
The text tries to transmit to the reader excitement of marine geological research both aboard and in modern laboratories. Basic mineralogical, geochemical, biological and other relevant data and a detailed list of books and symposia are given in an Appendix. This Introduction builds on the third edition of “The Sea Floor” by E. Seibold and W.H. Berger. While much of the original text was written by Seibold, a considerable portion of the material presented in this edition is new, taking into account the recent great shift in marine geological research, some of it with great relevance to human concerns arising in a rapidly changing world.
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Origin and Morphology of Ocean Basins....Pages 15-27 Origin and Morphology of Ocean Margins....Pages 29-44 Sources and Composition of Marine Sediments....Pages 45-61 Effects of Waves and Currents....Pages 63-74 Sea-Level Processes and Effects of Sea-Level Change....Pages 75-88 Productivity of the Ocean and Implications....Pages 89-103 Benthic Organisms and Environmental Reconstruction....Pages 105-118 Imprint of Climate Zonation on Marine Sediments....Pages 119-133 Deep-Sea Sediments: Patterns and Processes....Pages 135-151 Geologic History of the Sea: The Ice-Age Ocean....Pages 153-168 Cenozoic History from Deep-Ocean Drilling....Pages 169-185 Cretaceous Environments and Deep-Ocean Drilling....Pages 187-200 Resources from the Ocean Floor....Pages 201-214 Problems Ahead....Pages 215-227
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